Beat the egg whites with a pinch of salt.
Add caster sugar and vanilla sugar and mix until a hard and shiny mixture is obtained.
Add the yolks and mix well.
Add the flour and mix with a spoon, stirring from top to bottom.
The composition is poured into a cake form or in a pan, if you don't like me, greased well with butter.
Level and place in the preheated oven for 30 minutes.
Test with a toothpick and when it is ready, take it out of the oven, take it out of the mold and put it to cool.
The syrup is boiled and after it boils, it is removed from the heat and the vanilla sugar and rum essence are added.
Leave to cool.
For the caramel cream, mix the starch with 100ml milk.
Put the caramelized sugar in a saucepan.
When it is golden, add the butter, stirring quickly.
Add the rest of the milk, stirring constantly.
When it starts to boil, add the milk mixed with the starch and continue to mix until it becomes dense and begins to bubble.
Leave to cool.
For the chocolate cream, melt the chocolate in 50ml of liquid cream and leave to cool.
The rest of the whipped cream is beaten well with a sachet of whipping cream.
Melt the chocolate over the whipped cream and beat well until it becomes a fluffy cream.
Put to cool.
Whip the whipping cream well.
30ml of whipped cream mix with 2 teaspoons of nes and beat well.
The top is cut in three and each part is syruped separately on a plate (we like syrup very well).
Assemble the countertop, chocolate cream, countertop, caramel cream, countertop.
Dress in whipped cream and write (more beautiful and fairer than me) and garnish with colored whipped cream.
(P) 3 ice cream cake recipes with refreshing flavors
What dessert can be more suitable than ice cream on hot summer days? From ice cream on a stick to ice cream cups to a brightly colored cake, almost no one can resist the refreshing dessert with chocolate, vanilla or fruit.
The ice cream cake is the perfect option when you want to make a sweet surprise for your loved ones. And if you have guests and you want to make an impression, with a few decorating tricks you can turn the ice cream cake into an absolutely spectacular dessert.
The quickest solution is to decorate it with simple or colored cream just before serving, and for that you can use a cream soda. Put the cream, sugar and, if necessary, a fruit puree in the container, shake a little, then you can go on to decorate. This modern device comes with nozzles of different shapes, and this will help you make a simple cake a magazine dessert. What's more, the soda can have various uses in the kitchen and will help you in many situations.
Here are three cake recipes with refreshing flavors, perfect for summer days.
Cake in 10 layers ready in 5 minutes
When you see what this cake looks like, you say that it was worked on for a whole day, according to an elaborate recipe. In fact, it only takes five minutes. I found this recipe on Kitchn, I tested it and we recommend it to you.
- 10 ice cream sandwiches
- a box of vanilla ice cream (you can use anything, depending on taste)
- 12 Oreo biscuits
- chocolate syrup
In a form of cake or other dish with a flat base spread a foil. Arrange five ice cream sandwiches on the bottom and place a layer of ice cream on top of them. Over this layer add the other five sandwiches and cover again with a layer of ice cream. Add chopped Oreo biscuits all over the composition. Then cover with aluminum foil and put the cake in the freezer for a few hours. Before serving, sprinkle with chocolate syrup.
Ice cream cake with yogurt and berries
For this recipe you need:
- 600 grams of fatty yogurt
- 600 grams of whipped cream
- 120 grams of powdered sugar
- 750 grams of berries
- 25 pieces of biscuits
In the first phase, put the 25 unsweetened biscuits in the shape of a cake in such a way as to form the base of your dessert. From the cream you kept in the fridge, prepare the cream, using the siphon I told you about above. In a separate bowl, mix the yogurt with the powdered sugar and add a little vanilla. In this bowl, gradually add the cream, the cream and mix lightly with a spatula. Crush the berries in a blender, then add them to the composition with cream and yogurt and mix. Put all this composition in the shape of a cake, over the biscuits, smooth it nicely, cover with a foil, then put the cake in the freezer, overnight. It can be quickly decorated, before serving, with berries and a few mint or whipped cream leaves.
Ice cream cake with cherries and chocolate
This cake is delicious and looks spectacular, being the perfect dessert for a special occasion.
- 150 grams of butter biscuits, 80 grams of butter and 1 tablespoon of cocoa for the countertop
- 350 milliliters of whipped cream, 100 milliliters of condensed milk, 100 milliliters of chocolate sauce, 250 grams of pitted cherries and vanilla essence for ice cream
- chocolate sauce, melted chocolate, chocolate flakes, cherries and mint leaves for decoration
First prepare the cream that you will mix with condensed milk and vanilla essence. You will mix half of this composition evenly with the chocolate sauce, and then you will put it in a cake form lined with foil. After leveling nicely, place the cherries on the entire surface, and on top add the rest of the white composition and, again, spread evenly. Cover the cake with foil and put it in the freezer overnight or at least 4-5 hours. After this interval, when the cake is frozen, prepare the layer of biscuits: grind them well and mix them with cocoa and melted butter. Add this composition to the cake and spread evenly, then leave it in the freezer for another hour. Before serving, decorate it with melted chocolate that you spread evenly over the entire surface, chocolate sauce, chocolate flakes, cherry stalks and mint leaves.
1998 Amos v. NationsBank, 256 Va. 344, 504 S.E.2d 365.
Plaintiff was invitee on defendant & # 8217s property when she fell on ice and snow. Defendant in this case may wait until end of storm and reasonable time thereafter before removing ice and snow. Evidence presented at trial and reasonable inferences therefrom are that storm had not yet passed when plaintiff fell. As such there was no duty to clear walkway as of time of fall.
1993 Waters v. Safeway Stores, Inc., 246 Va. 269, 435 S.E.2d 380.
On January 7 there was heavy snowfall and below freezing temperatures. On January 11 plaintiff decided to go to Safeway to purchase groceries. She parked in Safeway lot, observed snow and slush on pavement, and chose what she felt was safest place to park her car. Then, while wearing snow boots she walked into store without falling. On her way back to car she fell on ice and snow. Trial court ruled that plaintiff assumed risk as a matter of law. Assumption of risk involves venturousness and involves subjective test of whether plaintiff fully understood nature and extent of known danger and voluntarily exposed herself to it. In this case, Safeway was open for business, it had made some effort to clear ice and snow, and was inviting customers to park their vehicles in lot. Plaintiff had successfully entered store, and she believed she could safely exit also if she exercised reasonable care in doing so. Assumption of risk was issue for jury.
1990 Artrip v. E.E. Berry Equip. Co., 240 Va. 354, 397 S.E.2d 821.
Defendant testified that snow plow, if properly operated, would not cause snow to accumulate high across curb bordering parking lot. Plaintiff & # 8217s evidence showed that snow removed from parking lot had, in fact, piled approximately three feet high along curb and sidewalk, leaving no opening for persons intending to enter building. Jury question presented as to defendant & # 8217s negligence.
1989 Commonwealth v. Coolidge, 237 Va. 621, 379 S.E.2d 338.
Mud accumulated at the base of walkway during rainstorms. Defective condition in this case did not come about solely as a result of this storm. Therefore, principle that property owner has reasonable time after storm to remove precipitation is not applicable here.
1989 FAD Ltd. P & # 8217ship v. Feagley, 237 Va. 413, 377 S.E.2d 437.
Landlord has no duty to remove snow and ice from porch and steps of apartment house while moisture still falling and freezing.
1984 Mary Washington Hosp. v. Gibson, 228 Va. 95, 319 S.E.2d 741.
Case of slipping and falling on ice. In discharging duty owed to invitee, commercial establishment is permitted to await end of storm and reasonable time thereafter to remove ice and snow from outdoor entrance walk in absence of special circumstances.
1984 Tate v. Rice, 227 Va. 341, 315 S.E.2d 385.
Plaintiff was delivery man who made deliveries to defendant & # 8217s private residence. He fell on snow and ice on defendant & # 8217s driveway. In regards to private homeowner, obviousness of danger serves to eliminate any duty on landowner & # 8217s part to warn of or to remove danger. Court held that duty of owner or occupier of private residence to maintain his premises in condition which is reasonably safe for invitee does not extend to warning of or removing danger that is open and obvious.
1984 King v. Bondurant Dev. Body., 227 Va. 206, 315 S.E.2d 390.
Plaintiff slipped and fell on some ice as he exited from doorway. In answers to interrogations plaintiff admitted that when he entered doorway he noted some snow and ice accumulation. Couple of minutes later when he exited, area was in same condition. In his pleadings plaintiff alleged that walking on that surface was extremely hazardous due to accumulation of snow and ice. On pre-trial motion for summary judgment allegation was insufficient to convict plaintiff of contributory negligence as a matter of law. Plaintiff does not state that he perceived and appreciated danger before walking in that area and he does not admit facts which would necessarily make danger obvious to person exercising reasonable care. To prevail on this motion defender would have to establish foregoing matters.
1983 Kings Mkts. v. Yeatts, 226 Va. 174, 307 S.E.2d 249.
Evidence supports jury & # 8217s finding that defendant was negligent in keeping its store open during adverse weather conditions and in failing to keep its premises in reasonably safe condition, i.e., reasonably free of snow and ice. In this case accident occurred on January 16. Evidence indicated that little was done after January 14 to remove icy conditions. Defendant-store & # 8217s supply of salt was very limited. Its effort to break up ice with hammers and shovels were too time-consuming and arduous and were abandoned.
1974 Wynne v. Spainhour, 215 Va. 16, 205 S.E.2d 634.
Plaintiff fell on service station pavement on & # 8220dark moisture spot & # 8221 that turned out to be ice. Defendant did all that exercise of reasonable care required to remove snow and ice. Although duty to warn of hidden dangers, no duty, when, as here, remaining ice spots were open and obvious. Negligence does not prove.
1969 Cannon v. Clarke, 209 Va. 708, 167 S.E.2d 352.
Plaintiff slipped and fell on snow and ice on defendant & # 8217s porch. Failure to prove notice or negligence on part of defendant.
1966 Langhorne Rd. Apts., Inc. v. Bisson, 207 Va. 474, 150 S.E.2d 540.
Plaintiff slipped and fell on icy sidewalk under control of defendant. Obligations of landlord discussed. Plaintiff did not assume risk because he saw walkway spotted with icy places, nor was he contributorily negligent in failing to walk through snow beside walk.
1964 Shiflett v. Timberlake, Inc., 205 Va. 406, 137 S.E.2d 908.
Snowy day. Plaintiff fell inside defender & # 8217s store. Defendant did not mop up water. Dispute as to presence of mat. Jury issue.
1960 Johnson v. J.S. Bell & Co., 202 Va. 274, 117 S.E.2d 85.
Local ordinances requiring abutting property owners or occupants to remove snow and ice from sidewalk within specified time does not render such owner or occupant liable to third person injured on sidewalk. Owner or occupier owes no duty to keep sidewalks free of ice and snow from natural causes. This duty is primarily that of municipality. Such ordinances are enacted for the benefit of the city and not for the protection of third parties.
1949 Hill v. City of Richmond, 189 Va. 576, 53 S.E.2d 810.
Plaintiff fell at night over slight depression in sidewalk with which he was familiar, but he claimed that it was hidden by snow and ice. Court held that he should have remembered where depression was and taken precautions. Several cases cited.
1948 Walker v. Memorial Hosp., 187 Va. 5, 45 S.E.2d 898.
There is no obligation to remove snow and ice nor to warn of its presence until such time as precipitation has stopped. Every pedestrian who ventures out in inclement weather with precipitation on ground is risking chance of fall.
1943 Brann v. F.W. Woolworth, 181 Va. 213, 24 S.E.2d 424.
Plaintiff slipped and fell on ice on sidewalk in front of defendant & # 8217s premises. Ice was formed from water which defendant & # 8217s employee had used to wash front window. Court sustained finding of negligence on the part of defendant.
Vanilla, coffee and walnut cake
I don't know how you are, but when I walk into a confectionery, once I hear the word "vanilla," I can't focus on anything else. I would buy anything containing vanilla, accompanied by a coffee. Even though it's a bad time for caffeine, I love the combination of the two, so I chose to make a cake that would fully represent me. If you decide to try the recipe for an anniversary you should know that the ingredients are for a cake of about 2 kilograms.
- 300 g of ground walnuts
- 8 egg whites
- 300 g of sugar
- 10 ml of lemon juice.
From these ingredients will result 4 countertops of 20 cm diameter. Divide the composition in half and bake 2 worktops in turn. If you can bake all 4 at the same time it's perfect! I beat the egg whites with a pinch of salt.
I added the sugar and mixed until the granules were no longer felt. At the end I mixed the meringue with walnuts and lemon juice with slow movements from bottom to top, using a spatula.
I put the countertops in the preheated oven at 180 degrees for 30 minutes.
Cream ingredientsof vanilla:
- 450 ml of milk
- 1 vanilla pod
- 8 yolks
- 120 g of sugar
- 60 g of starch.
I let the seeds and vanilla pod infuse in the warm milk for 15 minutes. I mixed the yolks with the sugar, then I added the starch, stirring further until smooth. I poured the milk into a thin thread, stirring constantly. Then I boiled the composition over low heat until it thickened. I transferred it to a tray, where I covered it with cling film until it cooled completely, during which time I browned 30 grams of almond flakes in the pan.
Ingredients for coffee cream:
- 300 g of mascarpone
- 190 g of whipped cream
- 70 g of powdered sugar
- 6 g of instant coffee
- 15 ml of espresso
I added the espresso coffee and left it to cool. I mixed the cream until its consistency became firm. Separately I mixed the mascarpone with the powdered sugar, I homogenized, then I mixed both compositions together until I obtained a firm cream over which I added the coffee.
To assemble the cake, I mixed the vanilla cream and divided it into 4 equal parts. Between every 2 countertops I used a part of vanilla cream, 10 g of almond flakes and 100 g of coffee cream. After adding the last top I leveled the vanilla cream, removed the cake from the circle and used the remaining 260 g of coffee cream to cover the cake. I let it cool for at least 3 hours.
Hoping it wasn't as hard as it seemed, I wish you luck. Let's hear only good things.
Chinese Food Recipes - Vegetables & Eggs
Vegetable dishes are cooked by cooking oil, vegetables, beans, wheat gluten, bamboo shoots, mushrooms and seaweed. They are characterized by freshness, variety, colorfulness and healthiness. They were originally used for sacrifices and grand ceremonies. Later, they have become an important part of Chinese food and food culture since the Northern and Southern Dynasties (386-589) along with the introduction of Buddhism.
Vegetable dishes in China are divided into three groups: temple, palace and folk / home-style vegetable dishes. Buddhists eat vegetable dishes are to propagate refrains from killing and protect lives, and cultivate merciful Buddha-nature. Palace style is exquisite with a great variety. In ancient times, emperors had to sit alone after bathing, abstain from wine and eat vegetable dishes to make their hearts pure and sincere, when with significant events or before making sacrifices to their ancestors. Chinese folks eat vegetable dishes for they practice simple and mild lives.
Snow Cake - Recipes
The Local Governmental and Governmental Employees Tort Immunity Act, 745 ILCS 10 / 1-101, et seq.—Commonly known as the Tort Immunity Act — provides certain statutory immunities to local public entities. These protected entities include, but are not limited to, counties, townships, municipalities, school districts, park districts, and other local governmental bodies. See 745 ILCS 10 / 1-206. The Act sets forth those circumstances in which an entity is entitled to immunity, but many of the Act’s provisions expressly except immunity when an entity’s conduct is “willful and wanton.”
What constitutes “willful and wanton conduct” under the Act has been the subject of many Appellate Court opinions, and courts have expressed varying degrees of willingness to grant entities ’device motions on immunity grounds when willful and wanton conduct is claimed. The Act itself defines willful and wanton conduct as “a course of action which shows an actual or deliberate intention to cause harm or which, if not intentional, shows an utter indifference to or conscious disregard for the safety of others or their property.” 735 ILCS 10 / 1-210. The plain language of the Act, therefore, requires that a Plaintiff prove: (1) a course of action and (2) one of the following: deliberate intent to cause harm, utter indifference to safety, or conscious disregard for safety.
There is little discord in the law when intentional conduct is involved, but disputes often arise as to what conduct constitutes an utter indifference to or conscious disregard for safety. The concept of willful and wanton conduct is fairly nebulous, falling somewhere on the scale between ordinary negligence and intentional conduct. To further complicate things, some Appellate Court opinions have cited the “course of action” language to require that a plaintiff present evidence of prior accidents or injuries demonstrating an entity’s knowledge of a specific and probable harm. Other Appellate Court opinions appear to ignore or gloss over the “course of action” language altogether. Many opinions affirm dismissal and summary judgment where the trial court found, as a matter of law, that there was no willful and wanton conduct. Still others — relied upon heavily by plaintiffs opposing dispositive motions — reiterate the general rule that the question of willful and wanton conduct is ordinarily a question of fact for the jury.
This past March, in Barr v. Cunningham, 2017 IL 120751, the Illinois Supreme Court reminded practitioners and lower courts that the question of willful and wanton conduct is not always a question of fact for a jury. The Court also found that, absent an activity generally associated with serious injury, a plaintiff must at least show some prior injuries that occurred during the activity to establish willful and wanton conduct on the part of the defendants.
Evan Barr was a high school student at James B. Conant High School. Barr sustained an eye injury while playing floor hockey in physical education class. The floor hockey ball bounced off another player’s stick and hit Barr in the eye. Barr sued the physical education teacher, Laurel Cunningham, and the school district, alleging that Cunningham’s failure to require the students to wear safety goggles amounted to willful and wanton conduct under the Tort Immunity Act. At trial, Cunningham and the school district moved for directed verdict, arguing that Barr had failed to prove willful and wanton conduct.
Cunningham had rules the students had to follow while playing floor hockey. For example, she limited the number of students playing, and banned high-sticking, fighting, checking, and lifting the ball with a stick. The students used plastic hockey sticks and a squishy “safety” ball that flattened when stepped on. Cunningham testified that she never saw a student get hit in the face with a ball or stick during the games of floor hockey, but admitted that the ball would fly above players ’waists during games. No other Conant student had suffered a serious injury from floor hockey prior to Barr’s accident. Safety goggles were available for students ’use and were kept in a bin with the hockey balls in the equipment closet. Cunningham admitted that she could have required the students to use the safety goggles, but she never instituted such a requirement.
The trial court granted the defendants ’motion for directed verdict, finding that Cunningham’s conduct did not rise to the level of willful and wanton conduct. Therefore, held the court, both Cunningham and the school district were entitled to immunity under Section 3-108 of the Act. The Appellate Court for the First District reversed, with one judge dissenting. The First District found that the issue of willful and wanton conduct should go to the jury. Specifically, it held that a jury could find that Cunningham’s “conscious decision to forego the use of already-available safety equipment [i.e., the goggles] ”was willful and wanton. Barr v. Cunningham, 2016 IL App (1 st) 150437.
The Supreme Court granted the defendants ’petition for leave to appeal, reversed the Appellate Court, and affirmed the trial court’s entry of directed verdict. First, the Court found the fact that safety goggles were available and stored with the hockey equipment did not present a substantial question as to whether Cunningham was willful and wanton. Id. at ¶ 16. The Court pointed out that Cunningham imposed and enforced various safety rules, and that she did not believe a serious eye injury could occur using the safety ball and plastic sticks. This, according to the Court, did not exhibit a conscious disregard for safety to the contrary, the evidence showed a conscious consideration of student safety. Id. at ¶ 17.
Second, the fact that Cunningham was aware that the ball could fly above players ’waists and hit them in the eye did not necessitate sending the issue of willful and wanton conduct to the jury. Id. at ¶ 19. The Court noted that to establish willful and wanton conduct, “Illinois courts have required, at a minimum, some evidence that the activity is generally associated with a risk of serious injuries.” Id. at ¶ 21. While the Supreme Court agreed with the First District that evidence of prior incidents need not involve the same specific injury as that suffered by plaintiff, the Supreme Court noted that there “was no evidence at all of prior injuries. Plaintiff did not present evidence of any other injuries suffered by anyone playing floor hockey.” Id. at ¶ 20. The Court reiterated that willful and wanton conduct is the “failure to take reasonable precautions after‘ knowledge of impending danger. ’” Id. “Plaintiff failed to introduce evidence of any particular dangers associated with floor hockey that called for the use of protective eyewear by students,” and Barr’s claim of willful and wanton conduct therefore amounted to “mere speculation.” Id. at ¶ 23. The Court noted that “[I] f there is insufficient evidence to sustain an allegation of willful and wanton conduct, the issue should not go to the jury for its consideration.” Barr, 2017 IL 120751, ¶ 15. The Court affirmed judgment in favor of the defendants.
Barr serves as a reminder to local public entities and their attorneys to actively pursue dismissal, summary judgment, and / or directed verdicts where there is no allegation or evidence of prior injuries and the activity is not one generally associated with serious injuries. In such a situation, a strong argument exists that the local public entity did not have the requirement “knowledge of impending danger” to establish willful and wanton conduct. A determination of the absence of willful and wanton conduct can — and should — be made by the trial court as a matter of law in such circumstances. Indeed, an expeditious device resolution to an action in which Plaintiff has merely pleaded acts amounting to negligence, but couched those acts as willful and wanton conduct, furthers the underlying intent and purpose of the Act — to prevent the dissipation of public funds from their intended purpose on damage claims.
We'll start with the countertops. For them, break two eggs and mix them with half a cup of sugar. Mix at maximum speed until they lighten in color and increase in size. In volume. It takes about 5-7 minutes. Then pour two tablespoons of oil and a cup of kefir. Homogenize the composition.
Sift a cup of flour, add a sachet of baking powder and two tablespoons of cocoa. Baking powder can be replaced with baking soda. Then mix everything with a spatula, until a creamy dough results. If you think the dough is too liquid, sift two more tablespoons of flour. Stir.
The dough is ready so we place it in the tray lined with baking paper and put the tray in the oven. It has been preheated to 160 degrees C. Baking will take 40 to 45 minutes. Take the toothpick test. Once the countertop is ready, remove it from the tray when it has cooled.
In the meantime, we're dealing with the cream. Put in a bowl the two cups of cottage cheese, half a cup of sugar, the sachet of vanilla sugar and cream. Homogenize with the help of the vertical mixer. Then mix a little with the simple mixer, to make the cream fluffier. It's done.
To assemble the cake, cut the top into three. Place the first countertop in the baking tray to which you mounted the ring back, to make it easier to assemble. Pour half of the cream over it. We place the second countertop. Over the second top we put the rest of the cream, then we cover with the third top, over which we put food foil. Put the cake in the freezer for an hour.
In the meantime, we are preparing the icing. In a saucepan with a thick bottom put three tablespoons of cream, add 3 tablespoons of sugar, a tablespoon of cocoa and bring to a boil, stirring constantly. After the first air bubble, turn off the stove and add 20 g of butter. Stir until it melts. Remove the cake from the freezer and pour the icing on top. We spread it with a spatula, including the sides. Tortuls can be served in the fridge for a few hours.
Source: YouTube / Reghina Cebotari
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